A rabbits diet should consist of Hay, Pellets, and veggies/fruits. You should get high quality pellets that are timothy hay based and high in fiber. Alfalfa is not a great choice for mature rabbits and timothy or orchard grass is healthier. Hay should be the majority of your rabbits diet, as it gets older. Baby rabbits should be free fed until around 7 weeks until 7 months. When they are babies, do not feed them veggies, just stick to hay and pellets until they get older. Kits can have alfalfa until they get older and become Jr. or "teenage" rabbits, decrees the alfalfa and decrease their pellets to half cup pet 6 lbs. Also, introduce timothy hay, grass hay, and oat hays. Introduce fruit and vegetables into their diet also as the rabbit gets older, but only 1 pound per every 6 pounds (weight of your rabbit) maximum because of it being very high in calories. As they get older and become Sr.s, reduce the pellets to 1/4 to 1/2 cup pellets per 6 lbs. body weight, and keep giving them unlimited fresh hay (no alfalfa). For Sr.s over 6 years, keep up that diet. If your older rabbit is underweight, you can feed them some alfalfa to get their weight up, but not too much.
Yes, You can keep your rabbit outdoors, but no, its not 100% safe. First, when you deciede you want to have an outdoor rabbit think about "is there a possibility that it will be forgotten?", "Do you want the stress", and "are you willing to take the chance?".
There are many dangers for a bunny outdoors. The most common stress that every rabbit has to go through if it is outdoors is the weather. Extreme weather can take a toal on your rabbit. When it becomes extremely cold out, keep an eye on your rabbit! Put alot of hay out there for your rabbit to hide in and put something, like a tarp, over its cage to stop the elements from getting in. I know we all get lazy when it gets very cold and dont want to go outside, but you have to! Keep the bunnies cage clean and make sure the water isn't frozen. If they cannot drink that will be a fatal problem.If you have lop ear rabbits make sure their ears do not become frozen to the bottoms of the cage because sometimes this happens. If you feel bad for your rabbit and want to bring it in for the winter, go ahead. Do not bring the rabbit in and out of your house to much because the shock in temperature can hurt your rabbit.
Rabbits do much better in cold weather then they do with hot. Outdoor rabbits die all the time from heat stroke! BE VERY CAREFUL OF THIS! For my rabbits, if it becomes 90 or so I move them to the garage with fans, ice, and I check on them multiple times a day- because this is a real danger. I also spritz their ears with cool water, give them a tile to lay on, and sometimes give them a frozen towel to lay on. (Do not give them ice packs because if they are chewers they will chew it open and ingest the poison) These are all very helpful things to do for your outdoor bunny when summer comes around. KEEP AN EYE ON YOUR RABBIT WHEN ITS HOT! When its hot for you, its way to hot for your bunny because they have a fur coat! If your rabbit is drooling, acting lathargic, heavy panting, flairing of the nostrils, and confusion.
Some other treats you have to worry about are dogs and cats, the cage not being built right, wild animals, and other people. Other animals have killed MANY outdoor bunnies, even if they can't get inside the cage they can scare the bunny to death! Yes, your rabbit can die from being terrified. If a rabbit is scared too bad it has a heart attack, or in the struggle to get away, it may break its back. Also, I have heard of many complaints about nieghbors letting the pet rabbit out or kids getting in the rabbit hutch. So ask yourself, will that be a problem?
If you think housing your rabbit outside is the proper thing for you to do, and you are willing to take care of your bunny properly here are some things you will have to know. you will need a nice size hutch.You need to make sure its a big enough cage for your rabbit(s) to live in. I say if you were a rabbit would you like to live in there? Make sure the rabbits have room to move around! Also make sure there is a nice "indoor" part aswell that they can escape from the wind or rain, or just to hide in. Make sure the cage is very secure. If it is an all mesh bottom cage put something in there that they can rest their feet on, like a piece of plywood, or towel.
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